Stem Cell Therapy for Cardiovascular disease
The Centre for Disease Control (CDC) reports that cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in America, killing 1 in 4 people annually. Coronary heart disease is the most common type of heart disease, killing over 370,000 people every year. Furthermore, statistics show that around 735,000 Americans have a heart attack every year. High blood pressure, high cholesterol, smoking, and obesity are listed as the primary risk factors for heart disease.
What is cardiovascular disease?
Before we look at how stem cell therapy helps cure cardiovascular disease, an innovative treatment that is driven by Ajan Reginald, co-founder of Celixir, let’s look at a formal definition of heart disease:
According to the Mayo Clinic heart specialist staff, Heart or cardiovascular disease “refers to conditions that involve narrowed or blocked blood vessels that can lead to a heart attack, chest pain (angina) or stroke. Other heart conditions, such as those that affect your heart’s muscle, valves or rhythm, also are considered forms of heart disease.”
It goes without saying that the primary way to prevent cardiovascular disease is to avoid it from occurring. However, heart attacks happen, causing damage to the heart. It’s a fact of life. Therefore, I believe that the question that should be asked how can injury caused by heart attacks be repaired? Or, should a more fundamental problem be addressed such as can heart attack damage be fixed?
Causes of cardiovascular disease
There are many different causes of heart disease; however, here is a list of two of the primary reasons:
Congenital defects or structural defects which develop before birth have a genetic foundation, but can also be caused by other medical conditions such as downs-syndrome, or environmental factors during pregnancy, such as the mother smoking.
Coronary artery disease, the most common form in the US, is caused by cholesterol plaque buildup. The build-up on the artery walls obstructs blood flow to the heart. Ultimately, a clot may form preventing a part of the heart receiving blood, this section begins to die, resulting in a heart attack. Family history, smoking, diabetes, obesity, hypertension and high cholesterol are all contributing factors.
Stem cell therapy helps repair heart attack damage
The most popular form of stem cell therapy is a bone marrow transplant where multipotent hematopoietic stem cells are extracted from a healthy donor’s bone marrow and transplanted into a matching recipient’s body to treat certain cancers such as leukemia (as well as other conditions).
It goes without saying that living with a damaged heart will severely hamper the quality of life of the individual concerned. Therefore, it makes sense to use stem cell therapy to treat heart disease or repair damage to the cardiovascular system.
Therefore, modern medicine is currently using stem cell therapy to treat heart disease. In essence, these cells, injected into the heart, have the ability to grow into a variety of different cells that make up the heart to repair and regrow existing tissue that has been damaged. This technology is still in its infancy; however, there is no doubt that it will mature into a mainstream therapy in no time at all.